Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 64-68
Preparation and Characterization of Acacia Catechu Film: Effect of Monomer (HEMA) and UV Radiation
Md. Iftakharul Alam, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Sahadat Hossain, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Ruhul A. Khan, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Sep. 20, 2019;       Accepted: Oct. 10, 2019;       Published: Oct. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajmie.20190404.12      View  23      Downloads  11
Abstract
Nature is the prime source of everythings. So, in this research we selected the plant source for the extraction of resin from acacia catechu. Raw acacia catechu was collected from the plant for the extraction of resin and preparation of film. A mixture of 60% ethanol and 40% benzene was used as solvent for the extraction of resin. After extraction, polymeric films were prepared by casting the extracted solution maintaining the thickness 1 to 3 mm. Now-a-days monomers are widely used for the improvement of properties. In this case monomer (HEMA) was used to improve the mechanical properties of prepared film. Different percentages (10, 12.5 and 15%) of monomer were used with the catechu but 12.5% showed better results than the others two. Different types of high energy radiation (gamma radiation, UV-radiation, etc.) are also widely used for the improvement of different types of properties. With the HEMA grafted catechu film different pass (15, 20 and 25) of UV radiation was applied. The highest result was obtained for the 20 UV radiation pass and the monomer concentration was 12.5% which was taken as optimum. At the optimum condition the highest TS and TM values were 4.5 MPa, and 72MPa respectively as well as the lowest elongation at break was 1.44%.
Keywords
Acacia Catechu, UV-radiation, Composites, Monomer, Tensile Property
To cite this article
Md. Iftakharul Alam, Md. Sahadat Hossain, Ruhul A. Khan, A. M. Sarwaruddin Chowdhury, Preparation and Characterization of Acacia Catechu Film: Effect of Monomer (HEMA) and UV Radiation, American Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 64-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmie.20190404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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